The short- and long-term consequences of partitioning India
Please note that prior to September 2017, the Center on Global Poverty and Development was known as the Stanford Center for International Development (SCID).
The gate at the Wagha border, near the boundary demarcation line dividing India and Pakistan.
The Indian subcontinent was partitioned in 1947. Saumitra Jha
, SCID faculty affiliate and Associate Professor of Political Economy at Stanford, recently published an article on VoxDev
along with Prashant Bharadwaj about the resulting economic and political consequences.
Despite being seen as a political compromise to resolve ethnic conflicts, Jha and Bhardawaj write about how the partitioning led to one of the largest forced migrations in world history, as over 17 million people were forced to leave their homes and over a million people were killed.
Instead of resolving the ethnic conflicts that it was meant to accomplish, in reality the partition of the Indian subcontinent effectively resulted in mass ethnic cleansing.
Jha and Bhardawaj argue that understanding the effects of partitioning countries in this manner can be useful for current nations considering similar actions as a means to bring “peace and prosperity through ethnic partitions.”
Read the full article.